A photo exhibition "The Russian Exodus: Sevastopol - Crimea 1920" Online
A photo exhibition "The Russian Exodus: Sevastopol - Crimea 1920"
Vernissage on November 25th at 19:00.
After the ship evacuation from Sevastopol and Crimea, the remnants of General Wrangel's army were reduced to three corpses: the first Army Corps (about 25,000 people), the Don Corps (up to 20,000) and the Kuban Corps (16,000).
In early 1921 about 60,000 military officials of the army were sent to military camps. Over 25,000 people were transferred to Gallipoli (Turkey), around 15,000 Don Cossacks to Chataldzhi (Turkey) and up to 15,000 Kuban Cossacks to Lemnos Island (Greece).
More than 30,000 refugees went to various countries whose governments have agreed to receive them. Of these, about 22,000 (including two cadet corps) went to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, 2,000 to Romania, 4,000 to Bulgaria and up to 2,000 to Greece.
Thirty ships of the Black Sea Fleet squadron with 6,000 personnel, including the Sevastopol Marine Cadet Corps, left for Bizerte (Tunisia, Africa). By the end of 1921, about 1,200 people remained in Bizerte. At this time, ships of the Marine Corps were graduated, and so morale and discipline had to be maintained at a high level.
On 30 October 1924, following France's recognition of the Soviet government, the Russian squadron was officially dissolved.
The Orthodox Church of St. Alexander Nevsky, built in Bizerte in 1937 with Russian donations, became a monument to the squadron's men. Icons and equipment were taken from ship churches, shell casings served as candlesticks, and the names of all the ships that left Sevastopol for Bizerte were carved in gold on a marble board. This church is still active in Muslim Tunisia today.
For all her years, Anastasia Shirinsky, the daughter of the commander of the "Zharky" destroyer, who left Sevastopol in November 1920, was caring for the graves of Russian sailors, using modest personal funds and the means of a few Russian Tunisians. Anastasia spent her entire life trying to return to her homeland, Russia. In 1997, she received the long-awaited citizenship of the Russian Federation by presidential decree.
In 2006, the municipality of Bizerte renamed one of the city squares, where the Orthodox Church of St. Alexander Nevsky is located, after Anastasia Shirinsky. On 21 December 2009, at the 98th year of her life, Anastasia Alexandrovna died. The memory of her is also kept in Sevastopol, by those who visited faraway Tunisia and spoke with this amazing woman. Many people lost their home and homeland in those tragic days because of their loyalty to people, to Russia and to the Russian Church.
"Historical Club Sevastopol Tavrichesky"